This English “Liverpool jug” was made in 1805 for sale in the United States. Initially they were simple water and ale pitchers for British households, but the industry transitioned to mass producing commemorative and memorial pieces for American markets. An engraved copper plate was inked, then a tissue paper transfer print was made and applied to the pitcher. After a second firing, a strong glaze was applied. Thus, the “transfers” do not wear off. In the early 1800s, almost every ship launched in New England had an accompanying issue of Liverpools. Depicted here is the ship “Sally”, captained by Moses Wells of Newburyport. On the back is George Washington, who had died in 1799.